Our family has embarked on virtual travels to various countries and regions. To explore these countries and their cultures, we have followed along with the festivals, cooked and eaten traditional foods, learned of traditional handicrafts with hands on exploration, along with many activities to immerse ourselves. Chronicled here are some of these activities.

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Friday, February 28, 2014

Our French Canadian Roots: Recipe for Fricot au Poulet

Though Hubby and I both grew up in different parts of Canada, we both come from a French Canadian heritage. He grew up in New Brunswick, in an Acadian family.Though I grew up from one military base to the next, my extended family, and the stomping grounds for our vacations were in Northern Ontario (bilingual area) and Quebec (French). 

I feel abashed in admitting that French is not the language we use in our day to day - though Elle attends French school, English is the language we feel most at home with. (This despite attending French school ourselves). This has come from living in an English province (in my case, most of my life), spending most of our time with English peers, and like most North Americans, the unlimited access to English media. 

Therefore it is rarely through language that we share our heritage with our girls - we do it through food. Recipes handed down from our grand parents, aunts and uncles. These are the dishes that we associate with childhood, family, gatherings and celebrations. These are the recipes we have shared with each other and our daughters. And our very favorites I will be sharing here, once a month for the remainder of the year. If you follow along, you might notice a pattern that Hubby's favorites are savory dishes, while mine are desserts (laden with brown sugar and/or maple syrup).

We will begin on this cold and wintry day (at least here, in Nova Scotia) with Hubby's favorite: Fricot au Poulet - Acadian Chicken soup with dumplings. Hubby grew up with this soup, often found simmering on his grandmother's stove. It's warm and comforting and the perfect meal as we watch flurries of snow swirling about outside. 

Fricot au Poulet
(Chicken Soup with Dumplings)
Makes enough for seconds and thirds
  • 2 tbsp vegetable oil
  • 3 chicken thighs
  • 1 small onion, diced fine
  • 3 carrots, peeled and sliced
  • 2 cups potatoes, peeled and diced into bite size pieces
  • 1/4 tsp celery salt
  • 1/4 tsp garlic powder
  • 1/2 tsp dried summer savory
  • salt and pepper to taste
  • 6 cups homemade chicken stock*
  • 4 cups water*
* our chicken stock is thick, if using storebought stock, I would use 10 cups stock


  • 1 cup flour
  • 1 tsp salt
  • 1 tbsp baking powder
  • 1/2 cup cold water
1. Heat oil in large pot on medium high. Place chicken thighs in oil, and cook for 20 minutes, covered, turning over after 10 minutes. Remove chicken and let cool enough to handle. Leave any chicken fat in the pot.

2. While chicken is cooling, add onions and carrots to the pot and cook until onions have softened, about 10 minutes, stirring occasionally. Add potatoes and seasonings. Cook, stirring occasionally, for another 5 minutes.

3. Add stock and water, bring to a boil, and let simmer on low for thirty minutes to an hour, adding a bit of water if needed. While soup is simmering, cut chicken into bit sized pieces, and add to the pot.

4. To make the dumplings, stir together the dry ingredients. Slowly add the cold water, stirring to combine. Using two tablespoons, drop the dumplings into the soup, turn off the heat, cover and let cook for 10 minutes.

Elle making the dumplings
Serve and enjoy. Don't be surprised if one bowl just isn't enough.

You can find more multicultural recipes with Around the World in 12 Dishes, a group of bloggers that explore a set of countries, one per month, through food and activities. 
You can find their roundup of  Canadian dishes and activities here. 

You can find our other French Canadian recipes here.

Nigerian Eyo Festival

Eyo Festival Parade
Photo Credit: Bruno Chatelin

The Eyo Festival is a Yoruba festival and masquerade held annually in Lagos, Nigeria. On the day of the Eyo festival, throngs of Eyos fill the streets, moving in a procession in which participants dress up in white clothing, veils and hats. The festival is held to honor the memory of a a highly regarded chief or prominent person who has greatly contributed to the development of Lagos Island during his/her lifetime. It is considered the highest honor given to the departed. 

You can watch a clip of the Eyo festival here.

Eyo Masquerade Jumping (Source)

Known as Eyo masquerades, the male costumed dancers represent the spirits of their ancestors. As a representative of his ancestor, the Eyo helps sweep away any evil that may befall his descendants with the dance. The flowing white agbada covers the entire body, including hands and feet, while the veil conceils their face. The different colored wide brimmed hats, the fila, represent different igas - groups that represent chieftaincy houses and royal families. There is a hierarchy to the igas, and the groups often try to outdo each other. The Opambata are specially decorated sticks are used as part of the dance and to bless people as they pass by. As a sign of respect to the departed spirits, when an Eyo approaches you, you must take off your shoes and jewellry; and women mustn't have their hair covered or wear pants. 

It is widely believed that the revelry during the Eyo festival is a forerunner of the modern carnival. 

Eyo Festival (Source)

Map used was sourced from: The World Factbook 2013-14. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency, 2013 .

Wednesday, February 26, 2014

Recipe: West African Inspired Peanut Soup {And my first gaffe in our latest virtual travel}

The most commonly known West African dish seems to be Groundnut soup (aka West African peanut soup). So many recipes abound for this dish, I thought as our first West African recipe, we would try a popular American recipe, and compare it later with a truly traditional recipe. I did believe we were using West African staple foods: peanuts and sweet potatoes. It wasn't until after we made (and enjoyed) this soup that I learned that sweet potatoes are not a staple food - in fact, they are rare in the region. 

My mistake was in assuming that when I read about yams in West Africa, they were equivalent to what we call yams in North America (which are generally interchangeable with sweet potatoes). Yams are an important part of the West African diet, but they are nothing like sweet potatoes, and aren't even part of the same family. Oh, and they don't actually feature in groundnut soup. This was another reminder that when exploring an unknown country or different culture from your own, throw away your assumptions :)

You can watch a video that shows and describes the differences here.

North American yam/sweet potato (Source)
The sweet potato is a starchy, sweet tasting root vegetable

Yam (Source)
The yam is a starchy edible tuber
And so, this recipe is inspired by West African groundnut soup. And it was delicious! To hubby and I, that is. Pea enjoyed it, even if she wasn't raving about it. Elle, did not care for it at all - but then again, she doesn't care for sweet potatoes. Elle also found the taste of peanut butter too strong, which is worth noting - I was generous with the measurement, so depending on your appreciation for the taste of peanuts, add the peanut butter to suit your taste.

West African Inspired Peanut Soup

Recipe adapted from Moosewood Restaurant Favorites
Serves 4-6

  • 2 tbsp vegetable oil
  • 1 medium onion, diced
  • 3 garlic cloves, minced
  • 1 tbsp fresh ginger, peeled and minced (or grated)
  • 1 large sweet potato, peeled and diced
  • 1 tsp hot sauce (tobasco, or the like) *optional
  • 540 ml tomato juice (approximately 2 1/4 cups)
  • 4 cups chicken stock (or vegetable stock to make this vegetarian)
  • 1/2 cup peanut butter
  • salt and pepper to taste
1. Heat oil in large pot.  Add onion, garlic and sweet potatoes and cook until softened, stirring often for approximately 15 minutes. Stir in the ginger and hot sauce. Add the stock and bring to a boil on medium high, then reduce to low and simmer, uncovered for about 20 minutes, or until sweet potatoes are softened. 

2. Add the tomato juice and peanut butter. Stir well until the peanut butter is blended, and then puree the soup - I used an immersion blender, but  you could also use a blender in batches.

Serve hot and enjoy!

Tuesday, February 25, 2014

My Weekend in a Nutshell

I have been so lucky to spend the past five days visiting my best friend and her beautiful family in Toronto. I barely picked up the camera, as I spent my time soaking in my newborn niece and precocious nephew. That baby girl is the most joyful infant, always ready with a gorgeous smile that fills the room - just holding her was therapeutic, and I've never had so much fun playing with trucks and trains - I especially loved hearing my nephew sing and watching him dance :) It was wonderful spending time catching up with my dear friends, and spending one on one time with these sweet kids that I love. I would not have been able to make this trip if it weren't for my mother's generosity, so a big thanks goes out to her.

Before catching my flight home, my friend and I made a stop to a West African grocery store where I stocked up (with the little room remaining in my luggage!) on a few ingredients I would not have been able to find at home. I now have special fufu mix, ground melon seeds, dried okra, and some baked treats I have already forgotten the name of (but where quite tasty). I even picked up a special fufu pounding stick :)

The girls spent the weekend with hubby, and it was a joy to see their smiling faces waiting at the airport, and finding out they missed me as much as I missed them. Who knew? 

Friday, February 21, 2014

West Africa - Our Virtual Trip Begins

It is (well into) 2014 and we are exploring West Africa. I have deviated this year in choosing a region rather than a country. There are a few reasons for this: for one thing, the political divisions of nations were made by colonists based on the colonial interests of the time, with no thought to the established cultures, often dividing ethic groups between countries. The region of West Africa is indeed similar in the cultural aspects of food, music, and clothing, which will offer cohesiveness in our exploration. Within these similarities, by exploring more than one country, the diversity within the region will help to imprint the recognition that Africa should not be reduced as one nation, but rather the continent of nations it is. 

We're getting excited, based on the bit I've learned so far. Among others, we'll be learning about the Ashanti and Yoruba cultures.

Traditional Ashanti Performance
Photo Credit: John Tolva
We'll be getting creative with textiles, such as kente, adinkra and mud cloth.

Weaving Kente Cloth
Photo Credit: Damien Radermecker
We'll be playing mancala and listening to highlife music. Reading folk tales and getting to know the trickster Ananse.  

Game of Mancala
Photo Credit: Adam Cohn
We'll be cooking and eating many a soup and stew, dishes that feature peanuts, cassava and plantains, and hopefully I'll figure out how to make fufu. 

Making Fufu
Photo Credit: R. Baird
And of course, there will be African dance, drums and ceremonial masks :)

Dogon dancers
Photo Credit: Carsten Brink

Map Sources: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ecowas_map.svg; 

Tuesday, February 18, 2014

Africa is Not a Country

When deciding on which country to explore this year, my mind kept drifting to Africa. Although many countries were contenders (Russia, Brazil, Saudi Arabia to name but a few), Africa is a continent we have as yet to come close to. And then I was at a loss. My very limited knowledge and understanding of Africa was to nearly lump it as a whole. African dancing, ceremonial masks, drums and Nelson Mandela. Let's not forget The Lion King. Rather limited ideas even if just about one country, let alone an entire continent. Then again, that is why I have taken my family and embarked on our virtual travels - to expand our minds and ideas about this great yet small world we live in. 

School boys playing football (Zimbabwe)
Photo Credit: Dylan Thomas/UKAid
Not knowing which country to narrow it down to, I went to the internet. It was easy to see that it is common to refer to Africa as one place, one country. Knowing the regional differences that are found within a country, let alone a continent, this approach was not the route I wanted to take. Between school, work and life, we wouldn't have the time to explore any continent without being reduced to generalizations. The idea of choosing a country is to look past the surface and generalizations and dig deeper. 

Hamer tribe, bull jumping (Ethiopia)
Photo Credit: Achilli Family
This premise also had me worried that by studying one country, the girls would be led to the (rather common) assumption that all of Africa is represented by this country. Which is part of the reason why I deviated this year and chose a region, but more on that later. Before wandering off to our region, we took some time to learn more about, and note the differences that abound within the great continent of Africa.

Call to prayer (Morocco)
Photo Credit: Dominik Goleni
The Continent of Africa

  • There are 54 countries
  • There is a population of over 1 billion, and is the 2nd most populous continent
  • There are over 1000 spoken languages
  • It is three times the size of the United States - in fact, you could fit the land of the U.S, China, Japan and Europe, and still have room to play.
  • Before being colonized, Africa had up to 10,000 different states and autonomous tribes with distinct languages and customs
  • Across the continent, there are deserts, grasslands, tropical rainforests, savannah and the Mediterranean. 
In order to get an idea of some of the many differences to be found within Africa, we read the following book, while finding each country mentioned on a map. (Find printable maps of Africa here.)

Africa Is Not A Country by Margy Burns Knight (Affiliate Link)
Each page of the book focuses on one country with an illustrated short narrative of every day life children may experience within their country, with nearly 30 countries represented. It is a great, simple overview of the diversity found within Africa. There are children in cities, in parks, working farms, at the market, in the desert. There are scenes of every day life such as playing games, going to school, spending time with family. There is even a mention of refugee children in Rwanda, and Lesotho is illustrated in snow covered mountains, a rather unexpected scene. The book opens with a map of Africa and a few geographical facts, and ends with short facts about all 53 countries (at time of publishing) and an illustration of all of their flags.

We enjoyed this book, and any country that struck Elle's fancy, we looked up to get a better idea. We also checked out these few, though varied, countries at National Geographic for Kids.

Now that we've seen a little bit of the variety Africa and its many countries has to offer, we head over to the region of West Africa to learn about the diversity offered by its countries. 

West Africa
Photo Credit: Daniel Tiveau for CIFOR

You can find all of our posts with children's books about West Africa here.

Monday, February 17, 2014

Around the World with Pancakes: Thai Roti with Banana

We're trying out pancakes from around the world, looking beyond fluffy pancakes and beyond breakfast food

These pancakes are some of the most renown street food in Thailand: Roti filled with banana and egg, drizzled with sweetened condensed milk or chocolate (or both). 

Thai Roti Vendor
Photo Credit: Rob Taylor
Balls of dough are slapped into incredibly thin rounds then thrown on a hot griddle. Sliced banana, often mixed with a beaten egg, goes in the center and the corners of the roti are folded over into a square. You can watch a vendor "slapping" the dough into shape in a video by Import Food here.

Another Thai Roti Vendor, flattening the roti dough, with a stack of cooked roti in the corner
Photo Credit: Euke 1974
After watching the video, we tried slapping our dough as well - and to no one's surprise, it didn't work. Elle and I did have a fun time trying though, and in fact it was the sounds of our uproarious laughter that drew Pea in to join us in making them. Of other note, the recipe recommends twisting the dough into a ball before flattening it - we tried that at first, but ended up with the same results as simply rolling the dough, so we decided to skip that step for the rest. Our roti are not nearly as thin as the real ones, but they were tasty. Pea decided it was one of her favorite pancakes - not the least because it was covered in sweetened condensed milk. 

Thai Banana Roti

Recipe adapted from Import Food

  • 2 cups all purpose flour
  • 1/2 cup water
  • 1 egg
  • 1 tbsp sweetened condensed milk, plus more for drizzling over
  • 1 tbsp sugar
  • 1/2 tsp salt
  • 1 tbsp melted butter 
  • butter (for cooking)
  • vegetable oil (for coating)
  • Bananas for filling (about 1/2 banana per pancake)
  • Eggs for filing (1 egg per pancake)

1. In a large bowl, whisk together the water, egg, 1 tbsp sweetened condensed milk, sugar and salt. Sift flour over the egg mixture and mix well. Add the melted butter, and knead the dough for a few minutes until it comes together nicely. Coat with vegetable and let sit for 30 minutes.

2. Knead the dough a few more times, then break off piece of dough that are approximately 1/3 cup. Roll these pieces in balls, and coat with oil.

3. Prepare the filling - slice the bananas and beat the eggs. We put approximately 1/2 banana per pancake mixed together with one egg.

4. Now it's time to flatten the roti. After our attempt at slapping them around, we decided to first stretch the dough out, and then roll it out. We used a rolling pin and a stone pestle - the stone pestle added that extra heft to thin out the dough :) 

5. Heat your pan or griddle on high heat and add some butter. Rub a bit of vegetable oil on your roti and place on hot pan. Cook for a minute, then add the egg/banana mixture. Let cook for another minute or two, until the bottom is crisp.

6. Fold sides of roti over the center. We folded ours into square packets by folding the two ends at this point, but it was rather difficult since our dough is not as thin as it should be. I would recommend folding these in two. Once folded, flip over and cook for another minute to ensure the filling is cooked.

7. Serve hot with sweetened condensed milk, and maybe even a sprinkling of sugar.

If you really feel decadent, add some chocolate syrup on top.

If you'd like to explore Thailand with children's books, Mama Lady Books has a great list here.

Find more multicultural recipes with Around the World in 12 Dishes, a group of bloggers that explore a set of countries, one per month, through food and activities. 
Find their roundup of Thai dishes and activities here

Find more pancake recipes on our page:

Our Weekend in a Nutshell

A couple of great friends (left) and one of our mangled trees post storm (right)
This weekend was spent in the company of friends and good books. For Valentine's day, Hubby and I set the girls up with heart shaped pizza Friday night and headed out for a rare dinner out with friends; and Saturday morning the girls and I were treated to a Valentine breakfast hubby made of Nutella french toast sandwiches (delicious!). Later, we had a girls night of fondue - broth, cheese and chocolate - with such a great group of girlfriends (some of whom don't even mind getting their picture taken). Pea and Elle were especially enjoying "sneaking" more chocolate and fruit than anything else for supper! I did make sure they ate a vegetable or two before the night was out :) An intense ice storm Saturday night forced my sister to stay over avoiding treacherous roads, resulting in much overdue gabbing late into the night, though also had us housebound Sunday, when we caught up with homework and a few good books. And some much needed sleep. 

Tuesday, February 11, 2014

Our Year Exploring China In a Nutshell - Top Ten Posts & Chinese Activities for Kids Link Up Party

We have spent an incredible year exploring China and the Chinese culture in various ways. The oldest civilization on earth, China's culture is rich and steeped in history, with no shortage of avenues to explore. The resources available are vast and varied, and I feel like we barely scratched the surface.

Our year featured several festivals that have their roots in ancient history and legend, with our favorite celebrations being the Lunar New Year and the Mid-Autumn Moon Festival. Thanks to the local Chinese society, we watched performances of traditional Chinese dance and listened to classical Chinese instruments. We made and played with traditional (and some modern) toys, subjected poor silk worms to cold Nova Scotia weather in our pursuit of silk, and learned new skills (chopsticks come to mind). Though I didn't write about it, Elle and I have been practicing tai chi on occasion, and I even dabbled in some traditional Chinese medicine by getting a student to practice her skills at acupuncture and cupping (top right) on my back while she explained to us the concept of balancing our qi.

Going to Asian grocery stores has been a big part of the fun of learning new foods - we have spent many hours over the year, browsing aisle by aisle, pointing out interesting ingredients, and coming home with a variety of them, not always knowing what to do next! While eating our way across China, we made and tried dishes we were comfortable with, and some that were more challenging for our palates. We especially enjoyed sharing these new foods with friends and family. And though there are so many more dishes to try, we now have a few new stand by recipes we have made repeatedly over the year, and will continue enjoying.

Our Top 5 Chinese recipes:

We stretched our creative muscles, especially with calligraphy and brush painting, giving us a new found appreciation for how challenging seemingly simple paintings are. It's great to see the different projects around the house, reminding us of what we've learned and done. Though we are "leaving China" before trying our hands at drawing ming dynasty vases, making and using an abacus, and making faux jade jewelry, I had to include it here in the hopes of inspiring someone else :)

Why we didn't make Fortune Cookies
and no, it wasn't my poor time management like the abacus :)
Fortune cookies are an American tradition based on Japanese cookies marketed as Chinese. You won't find fortune cookies in China. 
You can read more here.

Our Ten Most Popular Posts on China:

1. Recipe for Chicken Chow Mein. 
2. How to make a Chinese chop.
3. New Year lanterns with printable template
4. Lantern Festival lantern tutorial and template
5. Chinese toy: Bamboo Dragonfly tutorial
6. Recipe for popular drink Cocoa with Rock Salt & Cheese
7. Tangram puzzle with printable booklets
8. Chinese toy: Jianzi (shuttlecock) tutorial
9. How to make Chinese shadow puppets
10. Making your own compass - a Chinese invention

Chinese Activity Link Up Party

In the hopes of creating a resource for all those interested in exploring the Chinese culture, please join us and link up any and all posts related to learning, studying, and exploring the Chinese culture, past and present, with kids. 

Monday, February 10, 2014

The Chinese Invented It: Printing {Making Eraser Stamps}

Printing is one of the Four Great Inventions, along with the compasspaper and gunpowderThese inventions are celebrated in the Chinese culture for their historical and far ranging impact.

Chinese Printing Blocks - their size is about 1/4 inch wide
Photo Credit: Jenni Konrad
Woodblock printing originated in China nearly 2000 years ago. It was first used for printing on cloth, with the earliest surviving fragment being a piece of silk printed with flowers. It later became used on paper, and by the 10th century Buddhist scriptures and Confucian classics were in print - making the Chinese the first to use printing for text. 

Around 1040 AD, the Chinese also invented movable type in clay, and shortly afterword in wood. This is a more flexible system than woodblock printing because it allows for moving various individual pieces. This became a successful method when printing thousands of books.

Printing with Eraser Stamps

We first decided to carve our own movable type out of clay. After the deadpan stare I received for suggesting they create a font and carve their own alphabet, we tried the more reasonable task of carving the letters to a short word, that could be used regularly on cards. For example, Elle decided on MERCI, which is French for Thank You. 

We cut our blocks, drew our templates, carved them with toothpicks and paring knives. We let them dry, dipped them in ink and  we got - smudges. We tried with paint and an ink pad, but still the same result, a series of spots and smudges. I think because we used clay, between the carving and the drying, our letters weren't level, which is important to create an imprint. Disappointed with all that hard work and nothing to show for it, we put printing aside for a bit. Then we did the tried and true carving of erasers.

The materials needed for this project are:

Sunday, February 9, 2014

Learning about Mao Zedong & the Cultural Revolution Through Books

The 20th century in China has seen a lot of turmoil and change: the end to 2000 years of imperial China, the beginning of the Republic of China, the Japanese invasion, civil war, and the Communist Revolution in 1949. Under Mao Zedong's leadership, this led to Maoism, the Great Leap Forward that resulted in the world's largest famine (with a death toll of 45 million), and the Cultural Revolution. 

Chairman Mao's Little Red Book is one of the most printed books in history.

Prior to this year, I knew very little about the communist revolution in China. I educated myself about it over the year, and I'll admit I found it difficult to read about the immensity of the suffering that has been inflicted and endured. I also considered it important for the girls to learn about this, not only to better understand China, but to encourage critical thinking about propaganda, groupthink and the true meaning of freedom. To better appreciate the vital importance of empathy, compassion, and personal responsibility.

The following books are my recommendations, for a range of ages, to learn a bit more about this tumultuous time.

Saturday, February 8, 2014

Great Wall of China {With Book & Activity Recommendations}

Photo Credit: Dragon Woman
The Great Wall, China's symbol of national pride, would surely be a sight to behold. One of the longest man made structures on earth, it is in fact made up of different sections, built by various dynasties over the course of centuries. 

It began with Qin, the first emperor of China in 221 BC. in order to keep out the invading Huns. Qin's wall connected various walls previously built by separate states. Built by hand, workers beat layers of the earth down to compact it. 

In China, the Great Wall is known as The Long Wall of 10,000 Li
(a li is a measure of distance, used in many expressions, and not taken literally)

Photo Credit: Remko Tanis
Although many dynasties added to the wall over the centuries, it was the Ming dynasty in the 14th century that made the greatest contribution. Built from brick and stone, what survives today is mostly from the Ming dynasty as the construction was stronger and better able to weather the years. The Ming built the wall and defended it with nearly 1 million soldiers from the threat of invasion and attacks from the Mongols. Watchtowers are built at regular intervals that were used as lookouts, fortresses, housing, and signal stations.

Contrary to popular myth, the Great Wall cannot be seen from space.

Photo Credit: Dermot Roantree
The Great Wall is also referred to as "The longest cemetery on Earth". During the Qin and Ming dynasties, millions died in its construction. Slaves, criminals, soldiers, farmers were all forced to work the wall for little or no pay, in horrible conditions. During the Qin dynasty, it caused a famine because so many farmers were working on the wall; during the Ming dynasty, taxes were raised so much to oversee its construction it led to the Ming's downfall.

Want to Learn More?

Discovery Channel has a great 2:30 min. video with a concise overview and great views.

The China Guide offers a virtual tour of a few sections of the wall, giving the impression of standing on the wall itself.

Below are two great books to learn about the Great Wall, as well as Chinese history and culture in relation to it:

The Great Wall: The story of thousands of miles of earth and stone that turned a nation into a fortress (Wonders of the World Book) by Elizabeth Mann.
This is a great book to learn about the Great Wall and the Ming dynasty, in an engaging and easily understood manner. Accompanied with great illustrations, parts are told by means of an adventure story, and others as non fiction learning, but all of which retained the girls attention throughout. 

The Seven Chinese Brothers (Blue Ribbon Book) by Margaret Mahy
Set during the Chin dynasty, when the construction of the wall began under horrible conditions, this folk tale is a fantasy story of seven brothers. Though they seem very much alike, they each have different magical powers. Using their powers, and relying on each other, they put an end to the cruel emperor.

Extension Activity

Build your own Great Wall

High Hill Homeschool made a model of the Great Wall with sugar cubes

All Things Beautiful made a model of the Great Wall with styrofoam bricks.

Books are a wonderful way to experience new worlds and ideas. Our house is filled with books, most of which are borrowed from our public library. Public libraries are an incredible resource, making books accessible to everyone, and we highly encourage everyone to discover theirs. If you are hoping to build your own home library, I've made it easy by linking book titles to Amazon.com. Please note that I have become affiliated with them, which means that if you make a purchase, you are also supporting this website. 
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